Luzhniki Stadium, known as earlier Central Lenin Stadium, was an old and famous stadium built in 1955 and 1956. After greatly increased overall national strengths and aspiration of advancing infrastructure of Soviet Union, the famous stadium of previous Soviet Union was constructed to show its post-war strong national strength at the 1952 Olympics. It was after 450 calendar days that the grand stadium was finished and officially opened on Jul. 31, 1956. Served as a main stadium of the 1980 Olympic Games, it hold many important sports event, such as opening and closing ceremonies, football finals and equestrian programme.
It is was in Luzhniki Stadium that a severe trampling event happened during the second round UEFA Cup match. Aiming at catch metro several seconds before the rest spectators, some of them hurried to rush to exits. 66 people were deprived of their lives in the disaster. Before construction of roof over the stands and refurbishment of seating areas, it could accommodate more spectators prior to that refurbishment.